Extreme Landfill Odor Control - Foot and Mouth Burial Site
Department of the Environment Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) – United Kingdom
Tow Law Foot and Mouth Burial Site – County Durham – England.
We had approached DEFRA at Tow Law with a view to using Bio 10to control odor at
the Tow Law Foot and Mouth Burial Site burial site and here given approval to conduct
The trial was to take place on one burial pit approximately 150 meters long x 30
meters wide x 10 meters deep. This pit is presently about 80% full and contains 24000
sheep, cattle and pig carcasses. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) in excess of 20000
mg has been experienced.
The pit is lined with sheeting and has 3 concrete vertical columns to enable leachate
(all the blood/bodily fluids) to be pumped out to a holding tank. Thereafter, it
is taken by tanker to a waste water treatment plant in Newcastle (about 50 miles
On arrival at the site, all the carcasses are dumped on a large concrete apron where
they are literally flattened by driving over them with a front end loader. The cattle
are ‘spiked’ with a heavy forklift truck to empty all stomach contents. This is not
a place for the faint hearted!
The carcasses are emptied into the pit, covered in straw and plastic sheeting and
a layer of earth about 500mm thick before the next carcasses are laid. The pit is
now full to about 2 meters from the top and about 120 meters in length. The last
carcasses received were about 2 weeks ago and the odor control consultants, MEL,
have now managed to bring the odors under some sort of control.
They have been using Diox (Chlorine Dioxide) to suppress odor and also have a sprinkler
system around the site, which is sending out fine jets of a pine smelling deodorant.
They are not permitted to spray Diox as it is toxic, so it has to be poured onto
areas where the odor is worst.
About 4 weeks ago, the pit had been bubbling on the surface with leachate but now
had settled and very little surface leachate was apparent. Odor could be detected
in pockets but was difficult to pinpoint except for the concrete columns, which gave
off bad odors.
With Organic Product Company’s assistance, we had calculated the surface area would
require 150 liters of Bio 10 mixed with 450 liters of water. This was mixed by MEL
and applied with a high pressure hose. The surface of the pit was very dry, uneven
soil, which was cracked with some patches of wet caused by rising leechate. These
areas were heavily dosed although the whole surface area was covered.
The application took 4 hours and we twice ran out of mixture, refilling on each occasion
with 100 liters of Bio10 and 300 liters of water. In total, 350 liters of Bio10 were
used and 1050 litres of water.
At the end of the application, there was general consensus that some minor improvement
had been achieved. However, as the odor problems at the time of the trial were relatively
mild, it was difficult to quantify the improvement. We agreed to re-assess the next
morning and, again with Organic Product Company’ guidance, decided to undertake a
further application if no significant improvement could be detected.
On arrival at site the following morning, the MEL site manager advised that, the
previous evening, they had a small but bad spillage of leachate during pumping at
another pit. The odor was awful and he was about to dose with Diox when he decided
to use Bio10 instead. In his own words, he was amazed at how effectively and quickly
the odors were controlled.
The site’s entire crew were now converts, and on revisiting the pit we had sprayed
the previous day, everyone agreed that Bio10 had made a considerable difference.
Consequently, no further spray was undertaken. We dosed a vertical column and conducted
a leachate control test by spreading some on the concrete apron and spraying with
Bio10. All of these tests proved very successful.