Pulp and Paper Mill
Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Reduction & Corrosion Control
Stone Container (Pulp/Paper Mill) -
The plant had been in operation for several years and complaints from the city residents and government officials escalated continuously because of the extremely unpleasant odors that were being emitted by the plant. Residents living near the plant began to complain about discoloration of window blinds and shades. Many reports of headaches and sore eyes also began to surface. A determination was made that the high levels of Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) being emitted by the plant, either directly into the air via inadequate air scrubber systems, or as a result of effluent being released into the wastewater sewer system, was the major cause of the yellowing effect on the blinds and shades as well as the source for the offensive odors in the air which could be associated with the high level of reported headaches and sore eyes.
The city of Port Wentworth also began to experience chronic problems with sewer line blowouts and corrosion in the city’s sewer system began advancing at an alarming rate. The blowouts were usually located within the vicinity of forced mains. Corrosion was calculated as high as 30.86% annually in some locations. These problems were being caused by crown corrosion which could be traced back to high concentration of H2S in the sewer system. Leaching H2S into the concrete was causing rapid deterioration of the city’s system. Again, the source of the problem was traced back to Stone Container.
In 1995, Port Wentworth government officials began relentlessly pressuring Stone Container management to find a solution to the problems being created by the plant.
Organic Products Company, in association with ChemStone, Inc., was awarded a contract to reduce the H2S emission and control sewer corrosion in May of 1995.
Bio10 was applied into the sewer system via metering pumps at strategic locations on the Stone Container site as well as sites located in the city. Levels of initial application were determined by the H2S levels and the maximum daily effluent flow rate at the site. The metering stations were located “up-
For example, one lift station in the plant was consistently generating H2S reading above 50 PPM. The maximum daily flow rate at this lift station was estimated at slightly over 1 million gallons per day. The metering station for treatment of this lift station was located approximately 200 yards “up-
Bio10 was also injected into the circulation water of the air scrubber system at the plant. The daily application was set at 25 PPM. Tests in the gas stream showed a reduction of hydrogen sulfide by 76%.
Corrosion tests were conducted at ten selected sites in the sewer system over a three-
Over the course of this three year study, the Bio10 produced dramatic improvements in the air quality at the Stone Container Plant, as well as the air quality in the city of Port Wentworth. Complaints from the city’s residents and government officials ceased. The expensive repairs to city sewer system were greatly reduced. The fragile relationship between the Stone Container Plant and the City of Port Wentworth was corrected.
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