Minimizing the negative impact your garden has on the environment
A sustainable garden works in harmony with nature. There are many ways to improve the health of your yard and garden while minimizing any negative impact on it has on the environment.
Organic gardening is growing plants without the use of petrochemical pesticides, herbicides, fungicides or inorganic fertilizers that pollute our soil and water. It relies on natural method like healthy soil with a balance of nutrients, organic material and soil biology. It makes use of beneficial insects, a diversity of plants, and the use of compost to help supply the soil with nutrients and organic material so the soil biology can do it work.
When planting dig deep when mixing in your compost, peat, vermiculite and /or other soil ingredients. This allows the roots to go deeper along with the moisture needed to keep plants for drying out to quickly. More roots better plants.
Backyard composting is one method of returning organic waste back into a nutrient rich soil amendment. Good compost contains huge food resources that plants need to grow. Ultimately, compost improves plant health by supplying nutrients to the soil. Be very careful as to what you do put is a compost pile because pet waste, meat scraps, diseased plants can all become problems. There are various methods of composting including outside organic material including hot, cold or trenching composting. In addition the Japanese method of composting kitchen scraps called Bokashi works well.
Commercial compost is a very good way to get good compost. Mostly this is done using the hot method that kills most harmful pathogens that can survive in many home composting operations.
Worm composting is a way to have a supply of pure organic plant food available at all times. All you need to start is a shallow bin that allows air to circulate, bedding and worms. There are many home use type worm kits available on the market these days that make it easy to do. The castings that worms produce are a great fertilizer for plants and vermicomposting is an excellent way to keep food waste out of the garbage.
Humates are the other way to build a complete and balanced soil and keep it healthy. Not all Humates are complete so make sure you are using one that has natural soil biology in it like our TurfPro USA products. This type of Humate gives you most all of your trace elements, many types of soil biology that is difficult to get is any other fashion. It has food for the beneficial soil biology in it to keep the biology alive till it can get survive on it own. It provides lignin that works as a holding place elements till the soil biology can break them down into a form plants can use. In the liquid for they can also be used as a foliar spray.
Drip irrigation is a controlled, slow application of water that flows under low pressure through plastic pipe or hose laid along each row of plants. The water drips out of tiny holes that are made in the hose wall or from fittings called emitters that are plugged into the wall at proper spacing. Soil moisture remains constant, and air is always available. By delivering water directly to plants, little is lost to evaporation or runoff so this technique is very water efficient. A variety of emitters allow the proper amount of water to be delivered to each individual plant. It is one of the best techniques for watering gardens, fruit trees, vines and container plants.
Mulch protects the soil by helping it retain moisture, suppresses weeds and insulates plants from extreme temperatures. Any material such as wood chips, straw, nut shells, paper, sawdust, leaves, seaweed, grass clippings or compost can be used as a mulch. Be care full when mulching that you use one that does not take large amounts of nitrogen out of the soil and that has a pH level that works with the plants you are planning to grow. Things like pine needles have a very low pH and can adversely affect a plant needed a high pH. Mulching is a way to recycle materials that might otherwise be discarded and simultaneously improve your soil.
Summery: Sustainable gardening is not difficult and is a great way to get very balance healthy produce that is chemical free and very high in nutrients. It makes use of lots of waste that would have gone to landfills and using hydrocarbons that are not needed.
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